Outside Temperature Prediction Based on Artificial Neural Network for Estimating the Heating Load in Greenhouse

KIPS Transactions on Software and Data Engineering, Vol. 7, No.4, pp.129-134, April 2018
10.3745/KTSDE.2018.7.4.129, Full Text

Abstract

Recently, the artificial neural network (ANN) model is a promising technique in the prediction, numerical control, robot control and pattern recognition. We predicted the outside temperature of greenhouse using ANN and utilized the model in greenhouse control. The performance of ANN model was evaluated and compared with multiple regression model(MRM) and support vector machine (SVM) model. The 10-fold cross validation was used as the evaluation method. In order to improve the prediction performance, the data reduction was performed by correlation analysis and new factor were extracted from measured data to improve the reliability of training data. The backpropagation algorithm was used for constructing ANN, multiple regression model was constructed by M5 method. And SVM model was constructed by epsilon-SVM method. As the result showed that the RMSE (Root Mean Squared Error) value of ANN, MRM and SVM were 0.9256, 1.8503 and 7.5521 respectively. In addition, by applying the prediction model to greenhouse heating load calculation, it can increase the income by reducing the energy cost in the greenhouse. The heating load of the experimented greenhouse was 3326.4kcal/h and the fuel consumption was estimated to be 453.8L as the total heating time is 10000℃/h. Therefore, data mining technology of ANN can be applied to various agricultural fields such as precise greenhouse control, cultivation techniques, and harvest prediction, thereby contributing to the development of smart agriculture.


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Cite this paper

[KIPS Transactions Style]
K. S. Yeob, P. K. Sub, and R. K. Ho, "Outside Temperature Prediction Based on Artificial Neural Network for Estimating the Heating Load in Greenhouse," KIPS Transactions on Software and Data Engineering, Vol.7, No.4, pp.129-134, 2018, DOI: 10.3745/KTSDE.2018.7.4.129.

[IEEE Style]
Kim Sang Yeob, Park Kyoung Sub, and Ryu Keun Ho, "Outside Temperature Prediction Based on Artificial Neural Network for Estimating the Heating Load in Greenhouse," KIPS Transactions on Software and Data Engineering, vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 129-134, 2018. DOI: 10.3745/KTSDE.2018.7.4.129.

[ACM Style]
Yeob, K. S., Sub, P. K., and Ho, R. K. 2018. Outside Temperature Prediction Based on Artificial Neural Network for Estimating the Heating Load in Greenhouse. KIPS Transactions on Software and Data Engineering, 7, 4, (2018), 129-134. DOI: 10.3745/KTSDE.2018.7.4.129.