A Method of Detecting the Aggressive Driving of Elderly Driver

KIPS Transactions on Software and Data Engineering, Vol. 6, No.11, pp.537-542, November 2017
10.3745/KTSDE.2017.6.11.537, Full Text

Abstract

Aggressive driving is a major cause of car accidents. Previous studies have mainly analyzed young driver’s aggressive driving tendency, yet they were only done through pure clustering or classification technique of machine learning. However, since elderly people have different driving habits due to their fragile physical conditions, it is necessary to develop a new method such as enhancing the characteristics of driving data to properly analyze aggressive driving of elderly drivers. In this study, acceleration data collected from a smartphone of a driving vehicle is analyzed by a newly proposed ECA(Enhanced Clustering method for Acceleration data) technique, coupled with a conventional clustering technique (K-means Clustering, Expectation?maximization algorithm). ECA selects high-intensity data among the data of the cluster group detected through K-means and EM in all of the subjects' data and models the characteristic data through the scaled value. Using this method, the aggressive driving data of all youth and elderly experiment participants were collected, unlike the pure clustering method. We further found that the K-means clustering has higher detection efficiency than EM method. Also, the results of K-means clustering demonstrate that a young driver has a driving strength 1.29 times higher than that of an elderly driver. In conclusion, the proposed method of our research is able to detect aggressive driving maneuvers from data of the elderly having low operating intensity. The proposed method is able to construct a customized safe driving system for the elderly driver. In the future, it will be possible to detect abnormal driving conditions and to use the collected data for early warning to drivers.


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Cite this paper

[KIPS Transactions Style]
D. Koh and H. Kang, "A Method of Detecting the Aggressive Driving of Elderly Driver," KIPS Transactions on Software and Data Engineering, Vol.6, No.11, pp.537-542, 2017, DOI: 10.3745/KTSDE.2017.6.11.537.

[IEEE Style]
Dong-Woo Koh and Hang-Bong Kang, "A Method of Detecting the Aggressive Driving of Elderly Driver," KIPS Transactions on Software and Data Engineering, vol. 6, no. 11, pp. 537-542, 2017. DOI: 10.3745/KTSDE.2017.6.11.537.

[ACM Style]
Koh, D. and Kang, H. 2017. A Method of Detecting the Aggressive Driving of Elderly Driver. KIPS Transactions on Software and Data Engineering, 6, 11, (2017), 537-542. DOI: 10.3745/KTSDE.2017.6.11.537.